Nike Air Max 2016 Release Date
The rules have been modified four times since they were introduced. The biggest change came in 2003, when the Air Resources Board significantly scaled back the mandate and ruled that hydrogen cars, hybrids and cleaner burning gasoline vehicles could meet the state's goals.
The decision is expected to affect 12 other states that had adopted California's target for zero emission vehicles.
Instead, the air board said the six largest automakers must sell nearly 60,000 hybrid vehicles while they develop the more advanced technology that will allow mass production of pure zero emission vehicles.
Despite California reducing its target for zero emission vehicles, some environmentalists said Thursday's action will force the auto industry to change its thinking.
"We're introducing a whole new category of vehicles to the public," Nichols said. "I don't think it's a step backwards in the real world."
"For the first time, the automakers have a requirement to put tens of thousands of plug in hybrids to the showrooms," said Luke Tonachel, a vehicle analyst at the Natural Resources Defense Council.
The other manufacturers that must comply with the rules are General Motors Corp., Toyota Motor Corp., Honda Motor Co., Chrysler LLC and Nissan Motor Co.
favored hydrogen cars. They also faced a lawsuit from the auto industry.
"Pushing this technology into the market before they are commercially viable ties up resources that could be better utilized by advancing core technologies," said Sara Rudy, an emissions regulatory manager at Ford. "It is important at this stage to be nimble."
The California Air Resources Board voted to lower by 70 percent the number of those vehicles that automakers must sell here and in the states that intended to follow California's get tough rules for vehicle emissions.
California adopted its zero emission vehicle mandate in 1990 as part of an attempt to reduce smog forming emissions such as nitrogen oxide. The rule required that 10 percent of new cars sold in the state by the country's six leading auto manufacturers be completely nonpolluting by 2003.
The air board also asked its staff to study an overhaul of the zero emission program because it fails to take into account how many clean running cars are needed to meet the state's global warming goals. Those goals were set by a 2006 law that requires a massive reduction in greenhouse gas emissions statewide.
Quong, a senior vehicles analyst at the Union of Concerned Scientist.
Auto manufacturers said they could not meet the California standard and needed more time to make affordable hydrogen and battery powered cars.
Environmentalists and health advocates criticized the lowering of the zero emission goal for vehicles. They said the threats posed by global warming, combined with rising gasoline prices, lends urgency to greatly reducing vehicle emissions.
The revised 2003 rules set a goal of putting at least 25,000 zero emission cars on the road by 2014, far below the original 10 percent mandate. The rules adopted Thursday put the number at 7,500, a 70 percent reduction from the 2003 target.
emission vehicle quota
In essence, the air board took two steps on Thursday: It cut the number of zero emission vehicles it wants on the road by 2014, while at the same time offering an alternative Air Max 2016 Women Black
The regulators were concerned that battery powered cars could not be mass produced and Air Max 2016 Sole
Although some lower emission vehicles especially hybrids have begun making an impression in the marketplace, the main automakers still do not have a commercial zero emission vehicle.
Board chairwoman Mary Nichols described the move as a major step toward putting cleaner cars on the road. The plug in hybrids envisioned by the Nike Air Max 2016 Release Date air board have yet to be designed, she said.
"We are disappointed. We think this proposal doesn't take us on the road to meeting the state's long term global warming goals," said Spencer Air Max 2016 Shoes
the gas electric hybrids.
SACRAMENTO California air regulators on Thursday slashed the number of battery powered and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles that must be sold in the state, a setback for environmentalists and health advocates.
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